Urology

Our expert of Department of Urology, diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women. We also diagnose and treat problems involving the reproductive tract in men. Some cases require surgical Intervention. For Example, surgeries to resect cancer, and remove obstruction/stone from the urinary tract.

The urinary tract is the system that creates, stores, and removes urine from the body. Our Doctor can treat any part of this system. This includes the:

  • Kidneys, which are the organs that filter waste out of the blood to produce urine
  • Ureters, which are the tubes through which urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder
  • Bladder, which is the hollow sac that stores urine.
  • Urethra, which is the tube through which urine travels from the bladder out of the body
  • Adrenal glands, which are the glands located on top of each kidney that release hormones

Our expert urologist also treats all parts of the male reproductive system. This system is made up of the:

  • Penis, which is the organ that releases urine and carries sperm out of the body
  • Prostate, which is the gland underneath the bladder that adds fluid to sperm to produce semen.
  • Testicles, which are the two oval organs inside the scrotum that make the hormone testosterone and produce sperm.

ABOUT UROLOGY:

Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive tract. Some urologists treat the general diseases of the urinary tract. Others specialize in a particular type of urology, such as:

  • Female urology, which focuses on conditions of a woman’s reproductive and urinary tract.
  • Male infertility, which focuses on the problems of a man that prevent a couple from conceiving a baby.
  • Pediatric urology, which focuses on urinary problems in children
  • Urological oncology, which focuses on cancers of the urinary system, including the bladder, kidneys, prostate and testicles, penis, and adrenal gland.

CONDITIONS WHICH UROLOGISTS TREAT:

Our Expert doctor treats a wide variety of conditions that affect the urinary system and male reproductive system.

In Men, Our Urologist treats:

  • Cancers of the bladder, kidneys, penis, testicles, and adrenal and prostate glands.
  • Prostate gland enlargement
  • Erectile dysfunction, or trouble getting or keeping an erection
  • Infertility
  • Interstitial cystitis also called painful bladder syndrome
  • Kidney diseases
  • Kidney stones
  • Prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate gland
  • Urinary tract Infections (UTIs)
  • Varicoceles, or enlarged veins in the scrotum

In Women, our Urologists treat:

  • Cystocele or prolapse of bladder from anterior vaginal wall.
  • Cancers of the bladder, kidneys, and adrenal glands
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Kidney stones
  • Overactive bladder
  • UTIs
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Cancers of uterus / cervix causing compression or invasion of urinary tract / Ureter

In Children, our urologist Treat:

  • Congenital problems of the structure or function of urinary tract.
  • Bed-wetting
  • Undescended testicles.
  • UTIs

PROCEDURES WHICH OUR EXPERT UROLOGISTS PERFORM:

When you visit an Expert doctor, they’ll start with history taking, physical examination followed by one or more of these tests to find out what condition you have:

  • Expert can use a urine sample to check your urine for bacteria that cause infections.
  • Imaging tests, such as ultrasound CT KUB, X- ray KUB, MRI Scan, help to diagnose the pathology with certainty so that necessary treatment can be undertaken.
  • Cystoscopy is performed as & when needed. This involves using a thin scope called a cystoscope to see the inside your urethra and bladder.
  • Expert can perform Urodynamic testing which is pressure / volume study of bladder.

Our Expert Urologist is also trained and having vast experience to perform different types of surgeries. This may include performing:

  • Biopsies of the bladder, kidneys, or Prostate
  • A cystectomy, which involves removing the bladder, to treat cancer
  • A procedure to remove stone / obstruction i.e. lithotripsy.
  • A repair of damage/injury caused by trauma.
  • Reconstructive Urological procedures.
  • A Prostatectomy, which involves removing the entire prostate gland to treat prostate cancer
  • A sling procedure, which involves using strips of mesh to support the urethra and keep it closed to treat urinary incontinence.
  • A transurethral resection of the prostate, which involves removing obstructing tissue from an enlarged prostate.
  • A ureteroscopy, which involves using a scope to remove stones in the kidneys and ureter
  • A vasectomy to prevent pregnancy, which involves ligating & cuttings the vas deferens, (tubular structure that carries semen / sperm.)

WHEN SHOULD YOU NEED TO MEET OUR EXPERT UROLOGIST?

How do you know when it’s time to see our expert urologist? Any of these symptoms should alarm you about a problem in urinary tract

  • Blood in your urine
  • A frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Pain in your lower back, pelvis, or sides
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Trouble urinating
  • Urine leakage
  • Weak urine flow, dribbling

You should also see our expert Urologist if you are a man and you are experiencing the below symptoms:

  • A decreased sexual desire
  • A lump in the testicle
  • Trouble getting or keeping an erection

UROLOGIC DISEASES

Urologic Diseases describes a wide variety of conditions, all related to the filtering and carrying of urine out of the body. These diseases affect men, women, and children of all ages. In males, they affect the urinary tract or the reproductive organs.

MOST COMMON UROLOGIC DISEASES:

  • PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA (BPH): Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in older men. IT is not directly connected to prostate cancer. The symptoms of BPH are caused by the pressure that a larger prostate can place on the urethra. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and out of the body.

Men with BPH may experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also have a weak stream of urine intermittent urinary stream, incomplete evacuation of bladder.

  • URINARY INCONTINENCE: Urinary incontinence is a loss of bladder control. It results in the unwanted leakage of urine. This condition can be inconvenient and embarrassing, but it is far from uncommon. There are a number of conditions that can cause incontinence. A few of the most common causes include:

Diabetes

Pregnancy or childbirth

Overactive bladder

Enlarged prostate

Weak bladder muscles

Weak Sphincter muscles (Muscles supporting the urethra)

Urinary tract infections

Injury to the spinal cord

Severe constipation

In some cases, lifestyle changes such as controlling fluid intake can be enough to address the problem. If these approaches prove ineffective, your doctor may suggest surgery to correct the underlying cause.

  • URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (UTIs): UTIs are the result of pathogenic bacteria or viruses that invade the urinary tract and cause infection. They are much more common in women, although men can get them too. A burning sensation during urination is one of the symptoms of a UTI. Others include a frequent urge to urinate and the feeling that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating. Antibiotics can usually clear up most UTIs within five to seven days.
  • KIDNEY AND URETERAL STONES: Stones develop in the kidneys due to concentration of salts, nucleation & crystallization. Ureteral stones are ones that move from the kidney into the ureter (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder).

This stones can block urine flow and cause a considerable amount of pain. Many people end up expelling small stones from the body without medical help, but larger stones may result in blockage, which is problematic. Long standing stones may result in compromise of Kidney function.

GENERAL GUIDELINES:

  • Stay hydrated
  • Drink Cranberry juice to help prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs) under doctor’s advice
  • Limit the amount of salt and caffeine you consume
  • Stay within a healthy weight range
  • Choose a smoke-free lifestyle
  • Strengthen the muscles of the pelvic area with Kegeliexercises
  • Encourage children to urinate immediately before bed
  • Limit fluid intake in the nighttime hours

FOR MORE DETAILS YOU CAN VISIT OUR EXPERT UROLOGIST.

Urology

Top Urologists Bhavnagar

Dr.Nilesh Guru
Dr. Nilesh Guru
M.B.B.S., M.S. (Gen. Sur.) MCh (Uro.) FMAS

Consultant Urologist & Andrologist